Advantages of radiocarbon dating in archaeology
This challenge is mainly headed by Creationism which teaches a young-earth (YE) theory.
A young earth is considered to be typically just 6,000 years old since this fits the creation account and some dating deductions from Genesis.
Professor Willard Libby produced the first radiocarbon dates in 1949 and was later awarded the Nobel Prize for his efforts.
Radiocarbon dating works by comparing the three different isotopes of carbon.
This is the crucial point: it is claimed by some that an old earth supports evolutionary theory and by implication removes the need for biblical creation.
Theoretically, if one could detect the amount of carbon-14 in an object, one could establish that object’s age using the half-life, or rate of decay, of the isotope.
In 1946, Libby proposed this groundbreaking idea in the journal Physical Review.
b) Absolute These methods are based on calculating the date of artefacts in a more precise way using different attributes of materials.
This method includes carbon dating and thermoluminescence.
The half-life of C is approximately 5730 years, which is too short for this method to be used to date material millions of years old.